Hypoglycemia & Hyperglycemia-What Is That And How Do You Treat It:
Hypoglycemia & Hyperglycemia-What is that and how do you treat it, Will be our latest post related to diabetes. We will explore, causes, symptoms, treatment and research why it is so much different then types I and II diabetes. We will also be linking to some very informative information regarding that subject. So be looking for those links on this post. We will tie in any videos about hypoglycemia ( low blood Sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)to make your time here reading this article as entertaining as possible. We will also have at the bottom of this completed article links to past articles and our recent case study. to help keep you up to date if this is your first time here we want to keep you up to date. If you have missed anything we want you to catch up to where we are.
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Hypoglycemia And Hyperglycemia- What Causes It:
Hypoglycemia refers to dangerously low blood glucose levels that drop below 70 mg/dL. Significant hypoglycemia is considered below 54 mg/dL. It is an acute complication of diabetes and occurs in individuals who use insulin or specific kinds of oral diabetes medication. If you use oral diabetes medications, ask your physician or diabetes educator whether hypoglycemia should be a concern.
In relation to diabetes, hyperglycemia refers to chronically high blood glucose levels. Most medical professionals define hyperglycemia by using the blood glucose goals that you and your physician have established and combining those goals with the blood glucose target ranges set by the American Diabetes Association.
It’s important to understand that you’ll probably experience high blood glucose levels from time to time, despite your best efforts at control. As with any chronic disease, talk with your physician and diabetes care team if the pattern of your blood glucose readings is consistently higher or lower than your blood glucose goals.
One of the most effective natural herbal medication to diminish hyperglycemia is taking over the counter Diabkil Capsules. You can find this product at your local vitamin supplement store or on ebay or amazon. Another great article about Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia can be found in The Journal Of The American Board Of Family Medicine or (JABFM)
Let’s move on to treatment and what you should do next to stabilize your sugar.
Hypoglycemia & Hyperglycemia-How Is It treated:
- Get physical. Regular exercise is often an effective way to control your blood sugar. However, don’t exercise if ketones are present in your urine. This can drive your blood sugar even higher.
- Take your medication as directed. If you have frequent episodes of hyperglycemia, your doctor may adjust the dosage or timing of your medication.
- Follow your diabetes eating plan. It helps to eat smaller portions and avoid sugary beverages and frequent snacking. If you’re having trouble sticking to your meal plan, ask your doctor or dietitian for help.
- Check your blood sugar. Monitor your blood glucose as directed by your doctor. Check more frequently if you’re ill or you’re concerned about severe hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia.
- Adjust your insulin doses to control hyperglycemia. Adjustments to your insulin program or a supplement of short-acting insulin can help control hyperglycemia. A supplement is an extra dose of insulin used to help temporarily correct a high blood sugar level. Ask your doctor how often you need an insulin supplement if you have high blood sugar.
Treatment of hypoglycemia involves:
- Immediate initial treatment to raise your blood sugar level
- Treatment of the underlying condition that’s causing your hypoglycemia to prevent it from recurring
Immediate initial treatment
The initial treatment depends on your symptoms. Early symptoms can usually be treated by consuming 15 to 20 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate.
Fast-acting carbohydrates are foods that are easily converted to sugar in the body, such as glucose tablets or gel, fruit juice, regular — not diet — soft drinks, and sugary candy such as licorice. Foods containing fat or protein aren’t good treatments for hypoglycemia, because they affect the body’s absorption of sugar.
Recheck blood sugar levels 15 minutes after treatment. If blood sugar levels are still under 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L), treat with another 15 to 20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrate, and recheck the blood sugar level again in 15 minutes. Repeat these steps until the blood sugar is above 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L).
Once the blood sugar levels are back to normal, it’s important to have a snack or meal to help stabilize your blood sugar. This also helps the body replenish glycogen stores that may have been depleted during hypoglycemia.
If your symptoms are more severe, impairing your ability to take sugar by mouth, you may need an injection of glucagon or intravenous glucose. Do not give food or drink to someone who is unconscious, as he or she may aspirate these substances into the lungs.
If you’re prone to severe episodes of hypoglycemia, ask your doctor if a home glucagon kit might be appropriate for you. In general, people with diabetes who are treated with insulin should have a glucagon kit for low blood sugar emergencies. Family and friends need to know where to find the kit, and need to be taught how to use it before an emergency occurs.
Treatment of the underlying condition
Preventing recurrent hypoglycemia requires your doctor to identify the underlying condition and treat it. Depending on the underlying cause, treatment may involve:
- Medications. If a medication is the cause of your hypoglycemia, your doctor will likely suggest changing the medication or adjusting the dosage.
- Tumor treatment. A tumor in your pancreas is treated by surgical removal of the tumor. In some cases, partial removal of the pancreas is necessary.
Home blood sugar monitoring
Routine blood sugar monitoring with a blood glucose meter is the best way to be sure that your treatment plan is keeping your blood sugar within your goal range. Check your blood sugar as often as your doctor recommends.
If you have any signs or symptoms of severe hyperglycemia — even if they’re subtle — check your blood sugar level. If your blood sugar level is 240 mg/dL (13 mmol/L) or above, use an over-the-counter urine ketones test kit. If the urine test is positive, your body may have started making the changes that can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. You’ll need your doctor’s help to lower your blood sugar level safely.
Hemoglobin A1C test
During an appointment, your doctor may conduct an A1C test. This blood test indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It works by measuring the percentage of blood sugar attached to the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells (hemoglobin).
An A1C level of 7 percent or less means that your treatment plan is working and that your blood sugar was consistently within the target range. If your A1C level is higher than 7 percent, your blood sugar, on average, was above the normal range. In this case, your doctor may recommend a change in your diabetes treatment plan.
However, for some people, especially older adults and those with certain medical conditions or limited life expectancy, a higher A1C level of up to 8 percent may be appropriate.
Keep in mind that the normal range for A1C results may vary somewhat among labs. If you consult a new doctor or use a different lab, it’s important to consider this possible variation when interpreting your A1C test results.
How often you need the A1C test depends on the type of diabetes you have and how well you’re managing your blood sugar. Most people with diabetes, however, receive this test between two and four times a year.
HOW DOES A PUMP DELIVER INSULIN TO YOUR BODY?
The insulin pump has a compartment that holds a reservoir that is filled with insulin. From the pump’s reservoir insulin travels along a thin tube and “infused” into your body through an infusion set which is inserted into your skin. The infusion set contains a small cannula which is sits just under the skin. The pump and tubing can easily disconnect and reconnect to your body whenever you want to. This can be helpful, for example when you want to shower or play sports.
- Tubing: carries insulin from the pump to you
- Reservoir Connector: end of the tubing that attaches the reservoir which holds the insulin
- Inserting Site Section: other end of the tubing that attaches to you
- Cannula: tiny flexible tube places into your body** by the insertion needle included in the insertion site section
- Adhesive: holds the infusion set in place
- Reservoir Compartment: part of the pump where the reservoir fits
You should replace both the infusion set and the reservoir every 2 to 3 days.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF INSULIN PUMP THERAPY?
Insulin pump therapy can offer many clinical benefits over multiple daily injections1,2 including:
- better HbA1c control
- fewer hypoglycaemic events
- reduction in glycaemic variability
An insulin pump also has other advantages that can help you to manage day to day life more easily. For example using a bolus calculator to help you work out accurate boluses, and the ability to set up different basal ‘patterns’ for work days or holidays.For more information about the pros and cons of an insulin pump. Click the link to see what the Diabetes.co.uk says about it.
Today’s post has hopefully answered many of your questions on Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia. We touched a little on an insulin pump and how it works. We also gave some charts and information about how to determine your A1C results. As always I would like to thank each of you for taking the time to read through our latest article. Please feel free to leave a comment, like and share the article with others. Be sure to sign up for our update email contact form and we will see you next time in our next post.
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